Radom Ghetto

Radom Ghetto – two closed Jewish quarters in Radom, established by the German occupier during World War II to concentrate, exploit and exterminate the Jewish inhabitants of the city. One of the largest, next to Kielce and Częstochowa, ghettos in the Radom district. It functioned in various sizes and character from spring 1941 to summer 1944. Several thousand people died there due to illness, hunger and German violence. Almost 30 thousand Jews from Radom and other places imprisoned in the ghetto were killed in Treblinka. Several hundred Jews from Radom survived the war, but most of them later left the city.

The first unofficial information about plans to create a ghetto appeared in Radom as early as January 1940. However, the ordinance on the creation of closed housing districts issued by the staroste of Radom Kujath was issued on April 3, 1941. The Polish population was to leave the area designated for the ghetto by April 10. The deadline for moving Jews was set for April 12. The housing was handled by the Jewish Housing Office operating at the Judenrat and the Housing Office at the City Council of Radom. Jewish residents were allowed to take up to 25 kilos of property per person.

The ghetto consisted of two separate parts – downtown and in the Glinice district . The boundaries of so-called the large ghetto in Śródmieście covered the traditional Jewish district and ran from the Evangelical church down Reja street to Mirecki, then Mleczna street to the Mleczna and Piotrówka rivers, then they crossed ul. Wacław to Przechodnia, crossed Starokrakowska, Mariacka, Narutowicz to Peretz, later parallel from Narutowicz to Bernardyńska and to Wałowa and St. Of the Holy Trinity and then Rwanska to the Market Square and Szwarlikowska St. About 25,000 people lived in the large ghetto . The shape of the closed district was influenced by the compact buildings in the center, so that the existing tenements constituted the border of the ghetto. The occupiers also ordered to brick the ground floor windows in buildings at the junction of the Jewish and Aryan parts of the city. The only gate to the ghetto was at Wałowa Street.